Frederick II, Stupor Mundi

Written on December 26, 2007 by DeansTalk in Arts & Cultures & Societies

Felicia Appenteng


Today would be the the 813th birthday of one of the most compelling figures in medieval history, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.  In honor of this fascinating intellectual leader, I invite readers to learn about his cultural legacy. 

The following are a series of articles and excerpts of historical texts in which readers can learn about the emperor who spoke nine languages, was a crucial patron of science and art, was called an Antichrist by Pope Gregory IX, and was excommunicated from the Catholic Church twice. 

He was referred to as Stupor Mundi (wonder of the world). 

Frederick II

Letter to Henry III of England

An Excerpt from the Chronicle of Salimbene


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