Archive for the ‘Arts & Cultures & Societies’ Category

16
Jan
28
Nov

img_9270On Thursday November 24th the IE Humanities Center hosted the second conference of the Cycle India: Present and Future, focusing this time on the subject of politics, under the title “Politics: the Largest Democracy”. This event was dedicated to the complex Indian political reality and the discussion panel included IE University’s IR Professor Babita Bhatt, Universidad Complutense’s Professor and expert on India Eva Borreguero and IE’s IR Academic Director Daniel Kselman, who acted as moderator.

Professor Kselman introduced the conversation speaking about the incredible diversity of India, a country with more than a billion people and 22 official languages and remembering how this “diversity in democracy” was thought impossible to survive at the time of its independence as, for example, Britain thought it was rather a civilization than a nation. However, as professor Kselman said “the diversity glues the country as they need one another” specially after configuring a multi party system, despite the different interests of state-level democracies, as well as national and regional parties, which has contributed to a progressive institutionalization of democracy.

img_9272Professor Bhatt started the discussion on the first thematic block of the event focused on domestic policies of India, centered on the two parties that have ruled India since the independence, namely, the Indian National Congress (I.N.C.) and Bharatiya Janata Party (B.J.P). After explaining the common view of each of them (I.N.C. is considered a dynastic party of the Nehru-Gandhi family and B.J.P. a pro Hinduist nationalist party), it was inevitable to talk about current Indian prime minister, Narendra Modi. Professor Bhatt gave an exhaustive description of the controversial figure, often compared to Trump or Putin and of his intention to project an image of a C.E.O rather than a politician, of an honest man who is an example of social promotion (he comes from a humble background), dedicated to his country (a single man whose only concern is the welfare of the Indians) with a successful record (as governor of Gujarat he got its economy increased by double figures during his term in office). The panel then analysed his two years in office and the recent issue of the demonetization and how could it affect the average citizen as well as politics in terms of party funding.

The second block was dedicated to India’s foreign affairs and its capacity to equate its economic position with its international influence. Professor Borreguero was quite clear India in expressing that “India has too many internal problems to become a global player and too many img_9234differences with his neighbours” referring to Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh. The moderator ask both speakers on the lasting Pakistani-Indian Conflict on Kashmir. Both experts agreed that the more likely scenario was interspersed periods of tension and calm between the two nuclear powers, since an external enemy is always useful in domestic policy, and that an open conflict or a long lasting peace was quite a remote scenario.

As a conclusion, Prof. Borreguero insisted on the “elastic” capacity of the Indian democracy to face present and future challenges and Prof. Bhatt pointed out that maybe the biggest threat was the growing Indian middle-class who does not necessarily perceive democracy as a form of government leading to economic growth.

The moderator invited the audience to give their insights in all of these issues and the discussion was enriched by the comments of IE’s students.

15
Nov
11
Nov

Donald Trump y un Oriente Próximo más inestable

Written on November 11, 2016 by Administrador de IE Blogs in Arts & Cultures & Societies

haizamPor Haizam Amirah Fernández,  Profesor Asociado de Humanidades en IE Business School.

Si alguien le dice que sabe cómo será la política exterior del presidente Donald Trump hacia Oriente Próximo, desconfíe. Si le garantizan que “Trump se moderará”, también. Es probable que quienes hoy afirman eso hace pocos días tenían la certeza de que Hillary Clinton ganaría las elecciones.

Una cosa es segura: A la convulsa región de Oriente Próximo le espera un periodo de mayor incertidumbre y confusión. Cabe imaginar que diversos actores regionales, enfrascados en todo tipo de conflictos y sometidos a crecientes presiones internas y externas, traten de aprovechar la chocante transición en Washington para avanzar sus intereses por todas las vías posibles. También se puede esperar que asuman riesgos mayores que si hubiera ganado Clinton.

Aquellos que puedan hacerlo tratarán de imponer hechos consumados durante los próximos meses, y todos -estados y actores no estatales- pondrán a prueba las orientaciones y los límites de la nueva Administración estadounidense con la que pocos contaban. Sería milagroso que esta nueva etapa no acarreara una mayor inestabilidad en Oriente Próximo y un recrudecimiento de los ‘shocks’ que sacuden la región desde que se frustraran las esperanzas del Despertar árabe de 2011.

A partir del 20 de enero de 2017 habrá un presidente de EEUU novato en política, inexperto en temas internacionales y sin formación en cuestiones militares. Una tarjeta de presentación muy pobre para lidiar con los avisperos de una región como Oriente Próximo en la que Washington ha jugado un papel central durante décadas. Se puede afirmar -con un alto grado de seguridad- que el mundo no se detendrá a la espera de que en el Despacho Oval se pongan al día.

Seguir leyendo en El Mundo

8
Nov

IMG_9099Last October 20th, the IE Humanities Center hosted the first lecture of the Cycle of Conferences “India: Present and Future”, which focused on Economy. This year, the series of lectures will revolve around the largest democracy on earth, studying it from different angles: politically, culturally, socially, etc. Seven activities will be held to fulfil that goal on both campuses, Madrid and Segovia.

The cycle of conferences began with an institutional speech by the director of the cycle, Professor Susana Torres, who explained the reasons behind its organization and took the opportunity to thank everyone that has made it possible. The audience was composed by a mix of students from Madrid and Segovia, faculty, directors, future lecturers and external guests, including India’s Embassy Economic Secretary Mr. Saravanan Balasubramanian.

The opening lecture, “Economy: The Emergence of a New Player”, was chaired by MIM’s Vice Dean Kiron Ravindran who moderated theIMG_9173 conversation with Economic Environment Professor Patricia Gabaldón and CaixaBank India Chief Pradeep Bhargava.

For more than one hour the three members of the panel analysed the challenges that India will have to face during the coming decade, as well as the big leap forward that India has done in the past 25 years. All agreed that education and technology will play the key factor, as production costs are rising. Professor Gabaldón stressed the role of women, which in some cases are being left behind, since when they get married they become a member of their in-law family, thus causing parents lack of investment in a daughter’s education. This led to an interesting point, which for sure is going to be covered in more lectures in the future, namely, how to cope with tradition and social development.

Once the lecture was over all attendees were invited to a cocktail just outside the classroom where students, faculty, staff and guests chatted lively about the present and coming events.

Next conference will be on Politics and be held on November 24thIf you wish to attend please register here

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